1. Do the sacraments certainly save all that partake of them? No: They who were rejected of Christ could say, We have eaten and drunk in thy presence, Luke 13:26. Are they then effectual by any virtue in themselves? No: for bodily exercise profits little, 1 Tim. 4:8. Do they of themselves confer grace? No: for if thou be a breaker of the law thy circumcision is made uncircumcision Rom. 2:25. Is the thing signified of greater consequence than the sign? Yes: for circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter, Rom. 2:29.
2. Does the efficacy of the sacraments depend upon the minister? No: for who is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers by whom ye believed? 1 Cor. 3:5. Does the goodness of the minister invigorate the sacrament? No: for Philip baptized Simon, who yet was in the gall of bitterness, Acts 8:13, 23. Does the badness of the minister invalidate the sacrament? No: For Judas was numbered with us, and obtained part of this ministry, Acts 1:17.
3. Does the efficacy of sacraments depend upon the blessing of Christ? Yes: Lo, I am with you always, Matt. 28:20. And upon the working of the Spirit? Yes: for it is the Spirit that quickeneth John 6:63. And are they effectual to those only who by faith receive them? Yes: He that believes, and is baptized, shall be saved, Mark 16:16.