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Westminster Shorter Catechism Project

A Scripture Catechism
in the
Method of the Assembly's

by Matthew Henry

Q. 63. What is the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment is, Honour thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.

1. Do the six last commandments concern our duty to our neighbour Yes: for this is his commandment, That we love one another, 1 John 3:23. And must we mind that as well as our duty to God? Yes: providing for honest things, not only. in the sight of the Lord, but in the sight of men, 2 Cor. 8:21. And are we concerned to be very careful in second-table duties? Yes: that the name of God, and his doctrine, be not blasphemed, 1 Tim. 6:1. Will our devotions be acceptable without this? No: When ye make many prayers I will not hear, for your hands are full of blood, Isa 1:15.

2. Is religion toward God a branch of universal righteousness? Yes: Render to God the things that are God's, Matt. 22:21. And his righteousness toward men a branch of true religion? Yes for pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, to visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, Jam. 1:27. Does the law of God require both? Yes: To do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God, Mic. 6:8. And does the grace of the gospel teach both? Yes: To live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, Tit. 2:12. Must every godly man then be an honest man? Yes: for we must live in all godliness and honesty, 1 Tim. 2:2. And must he be a charitable man? Yes: He is gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous, Ps. 112:4. And will the trial be by this at the great day? Yes: for I was hungry, and ye gave me meat, Matt. 25:35.

3. Does the fifth commandment concern our duty to our relations? Yes: For all ye are brethren, Matt. 23:8. And must we be careful to do this duty? Yes: that they who will not be won by the word, may be won by the conversation, 1 Pet. 3:1.

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