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Westminster Shorter Catechism Project

An Exposition of the Assembly's
Shorter Catechism

by John Flavel

The second Part of the 28th Question of Christís exaltation.

Q. 1. What was the third degree of Christís exaltation?
A. His sitting at Godís right-hand in heaven; Hebrews 1:3. When he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right-hand of the majesty on high.

Q. 2. What doth Godís right-hand signify?
A. A state of honour; Hebrews 1:13. But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right-hand until I make thine enemies thy footstool? And power; Matthew 26:64. Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right-hand of power.

Q. 3. What is implied in Christís sitting there?
A. That his work on earth is finished; Hebrews 10:12. But this man after he had offered one sacrifice, for sin, for ever sat down on the right-hand of God.

Q. 4. What else doth it signify?
4. Christís power over all his enemies; Psalm 110:2. The Lord shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: Rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.

Q. 5. What learn we from Christís sitting there?
A. T he high honour believers are advanced to by Christ; Ephesians 2:6. And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus.

Q. 6. What is the last step of Christís exaltation?
A. His coming to judgment; Acts 10:42. And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead.

Q. 7. Is it certain there shall be a judgment-day?
A. Yes; the scripture assures it; 2 Corinthians 5:10. For we must all appear before the judgment-seat of Christ. And every manís conscience witnesseth to it; Romans 2:16. In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.

Q. 8. What is the first property of Christís judgment?
A. It will be awful and solemn; 1 Thessalonians 4:16. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God; and the dead in Christ shall rise first.

Q. 9. What is the second property of it?
A. It will be exact and critical; Romans 2:16. In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel. Matthew 12:36. But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give an account thereof in the day of judgment.

Q. 10. What is the third property of it?
A. It will be an universal judgment; Revelation 20:12. And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God, and the books were opened.

Q. 11. How is this a part of Christís exaltation?
A. He now acts in the fulness of his kingly power; Matthew 25:34. Then shall the king say unto them on his right-hand, Come ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. And this will roll away the reproach of his enemies; Revelation 1:7. Behold, he cometh with clouds, and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him.

Q. 12. What learn we from Christís being judge ?
A. That believers shall not be cast in judgment; Romans 8:1. There is therefore now no condemnation to them that are in Christ Jesus.

Q. 13. What learn we from hence?
A. The deplorable state of Christless persons; Luke 19:27. But those mine enemies that would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay them before me.

Q. 14. What else learn we from Christís judgment?
A. To give all diligence to be found of him in peace; 2 Peter 3:14. Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent, that ye may be found of him in peace.

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