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Westminster Shorter Catechism Project

An Exposition of the Assembly's
Shorter Catechism

by John Flavel


Of God's Justice

Q. 1. What is the Justice of God?
A. The Justice of God is the perfect rectitude and equity of his Nature, whereby he is just in himself, and in all his ways towards the Creatures. Deuteronomy 32:4. He is the rock, his work is perfect; for all his ways are judgement; a God of truth, and without equity, just and right is he.

Q. 2. What is the first property of God's Justice?
A. That it infinitely excels all humane Justice in the perfection of it. No creature can compare in Justice with God. Job 9:2. How shall man be just with God?

Q. 3. What is the second property of God's Justice?
A. That he is Universally Righteous in all his administrations in the world. Psalm 145:17. The Lord is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works.

Q. 4. What was the greatest demonstration of the justice of God, that ever was given to the world?
A. The greatest evidence that ever was given of the Justice of God, was in his exacting satisfaction for our sins upon Christ. Romans 3:25-26. Whom God hath set forth, to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness, that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus. Romans 8:32. He spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all.

Q. 5. What is the second Discovery of God's justice?
A. The second Discovery of the justice of God, is in the Eternal punishment of sin in Hell, upon all that do not repent, and come to Christ by Faith in this World. Romans 2:5. But after thy hardness, and impenitent heart, treasureth up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath, and revelation of the righteous judgement of God.

Q. 6. What is the third Evidence of God's justice?
A. The third Evidence of the justice of God is, in making good all the mercies he hath promised to believers, exactly to a title. 1 John 1:19. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 2 timothy 4:8. Henceforth there is laid up for me a Crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will give me at that day.

Q. 7. What is the first Inference from God's justice?
A. That sinners have no cause to complain of God's judgments, though they be never so terrible, or durable. Romans 2:5. But after thy hardness, and impenitent heart, treasureth up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath, and revelation of the righteous judgment of God.

Q. 8. What is the second Inference from God's justice?
A. That without doubt there is a judgment to come in the next Life, otherwise God would not have the glory of his justice. Ecclesiastes 3:16-17. I saw under the sun the place of judgment, that wickedness was there; and the place of righteousness, that iniquity was there: I said in mine heart, God shall judge the righteous, and the wicked.

Q. 9. What is the third Inference from God's justice?
A. That Penitent and Believing sinners need not doubt of the forgiveness of the Sins. 1 John 1:9. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

Q. 10. What is the last Inference from it?
A. The last inference is, That Meekness and Patience under afflictions, is our unquestionable Duty; and murmuring against God, is a great sin and evil. Lamentations 3:39. Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

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